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Data Security

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ALSO CALLED: Data Protection, Data-security, Data Theft, Secure Data
DEFINITION: Ransomware is a type of malware used for data kidnapping, an exploit in which the attacker encrypts the victim's data and demands payment for the decryption key. A ransomware program can be installed from an e-mail attachment, an infected program, or a compromised or malicious Web site. Malware used for this purpose is sometimes called a cryptovirus, cryptotrojan or cryptoworm.Ransomware is not new.  … 
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DATA SECURITY DEFINITION (continued): …  A paper entitled "Cryptovirology: Extortion-Based Security Threats and Countermeasures," written by security experts at Columbia University and IBM, clearly outlined the concept back in 1996. In the past, though, data kidnappers targeted businesses rather than individuals. In March 2006, ransomware known as Crypzip or Zippo circulated to private users on the Internet. Recipients of the Trojan horse program also received an e-mail ransom note demanding $300, to be paid by electronic transfer, for the key required to unlock all their files.A newer type of ransomware uses a Trojan to encrypt files … 
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